Type 1 diabetes is the condition where the pancreas fails to produce enough of the hormone insulin which regulates the blood sugar levels.
When the levels of sugar in the blood rises too high a gradual impairment can occur in many organs and tissues of the body. Persistent high blood sugar levels result in problems called diabetic complications.
When we talk about the TYPE of diabetes we mean the mechanism or the action within the body that causes the symptoms of diabetes. Different type means different mechanism. In type one diabetes the mechanism is the lack of insulin which causes high blood sugar levels.
So the next obvious question is What is Type 2 Diabetes?
With diabetes the terminology is very confusing because of the history of diabetes. Nowadays it is better to use the “Types” of diabetes rather than the older terms which no longer adequately describe the way things are today.
Other outdated terms for Type 1 diabetes are: Juvenile diabetes, Insulin dependent diabetes melitus (IDDM).